Zambia, which was a British colony called Northern Rhodesia until 1964, is one of the most peaceful but also one of the poorest countries in the world. Located in Southern Africa, it has a mild, tropical climate. It’s name stems from the River Zambezi, which supplies large parts of the country with water.
Zambia has almost 13.5 million inhabitants and covers an area of 752,617 square km, about twice the size of Germany. The currency is Kwacha; 1 USD equals about 5 Kwacha. Zambia’s capital is Lusaka, and its official language English.
Zambia is located on a 1000-metre high plateau, which is surrounded by valleys and hollows. Countless waterfalls shape the country; the Victoria Falls are the most well known among them. Since 1989 the Victoria Falls have been named a UNESCO world heritage site.
Zambia’s altitude makes for a pleasant climate with three seasons. From May to August it’s cool and dry, from September to November hot and dry and from December to April there is a warm rainy season.
Zambia – an attractive tourist destination
Beautiful landscapes make Zambia a country with unique impressions and unforgettable experiences. There are 17 national parks with many different species, such as elephants, hippos, cape buffalos, giraffes, zebras, warthogs, lions, cheetahs, leopards, hyenas, antelopes, monkeys and crocodiles. There are over 700 different species of birds, among them one of the largest birds in the world: the rare shoe-billed stork.
The main attractions are the Victoria Falls at Zambia’s southern border and the South Luangwa National Park in Eastern Zambia, which is among the most beautiful and species-rich parks in the world.
The Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage is located in Northern Zambia, almost at the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo, in a miombo woodland landscape near the Kafue River, 70 kilometres from Chingola.
The vegetation is much denser in the northern part of the country than in the south:
Light woodlands such as the Miombo forest are characteristic of this region and an attractive tourist destination. Zambia is the country with the healthiest Miombo forest in the world.
These widely spaced trees have adapted to the 5- to 7-month long dry season and lose most of their leaves during this time.Top